I Was Asked, "Can You Write Me Some Information on Evolution......I Want to Give a Speech on 'Theistic Evolution' and I need to Show How Evolution and the Bible can fit Together!"
“…It does seem that the level
of knowledge about evolution is remarkably shallow. We know it
ought not to be taught in high school, and perhaps that’s
all we know about it…about eighteen months ago…I
woke up and I realized that all my life I had been duped into
taking evolutionism as revealed truth in some
(Dr. Colin Patterson, Senior Paleontologist, British Museum of Natural History in London, during a presentation on 5 November 1981, at New York City’s American Museum of Natural History.)
I was at University at the time. Many years earlier I had rejected evolution as being a viable or even a truly scientific teaching, but had not looked into the matter now for at least 10 years. But by this stage I considered myself fully evangelical (rather than 'fundamentalist'), accepting that the earlier fundamentalists had not done themselves too many favours by getting involved in science when they should have concentrated on preaching the gospel, whilst avoiding all 'in-house' doctrinal tiffs with other believers. Now - at last - I thought it might be time to look at 'Theistic Evolution' again. I knew that some believers now were prepared to loosely accept 'Theistic Evolution' (God used evolution to create the world), so I welcomed this challenge from my friend to come up with some information to support not only evolution but Theistic Evolution at that. I had 7 days during which I neglected my normal university theology studies somewhat in order to really delve into this matter, but I offered my friend no guarantees as to my final conclusions. My friend made a generous comment to the effect that he felt that he knew me well enough to say that whatever my final conclusions were, he felt that that was where he too should stand on evolution.
Charles Darwin (1809-1882).
For 5 or 6 days I went 'AWOL' (absent without
leave) from my normal lectures and spent many hours in one of the
best university libraries in Britain while I delved into the
matter. I was able to tackle some of the arguments of Dawkins
('The Blind Watchmaker', 'The Selfish Gene' etc), who has become
perhaps the premier atheistic populist propagandist for
I was able to consider some of the work and conclusions of Stephen Jay Gould. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was among the best known and most widely read scientists of the late 20th century. He was a paleontologist and educator based at Harvard University.
I was able to consider some of the conclusions of Carl Sagan with his intense interest in our cosmos.
I considered the (so-called) 'Geologic Column', I considered what some of the finest evolution-influenced minds have said about the countless millions of fossils which are now available.
I considered Carbon Dating; Is it reliable and reasonably accurate?
Then I went back to Charles Darwin himself: How qualified was this man?
Following all this, I went back to Creationism and sought out the most articulate writers, especially those from a background in science.
Although I was indeed able to get back to my friend in 7 days, the whole process actually took much longer since some of the books I wanted to absorb were not immediately available. By the time I completely finished with all of this (around 4 months), I felt that it was time to put evolutionism to bed as far as I was concerned, and I now prefer to point people to some of the great resources out there, rather than personally get involved in arguments and debates on this issue.
So what were my conclusions after I went into all this in depth in 1998?
Well, I could not come up with any real hard information to support 'Theistic Evolution' to help my friend out, and I told him that my studies had only shown that evolution is about 98% propaganda, hype, unsupported assumptions, exaggeration and sheer philosophy; moreover, it is amazingly unscientific! The devout evolutionist appears very eager to throw up the smokescreen of 'Natural Selection' to aid his argument. Now 'Natural Selection' may be freely observed (just as a dog breeder's use of 'artificial selection' to change and form unusual dogs may be observed), but that is absolutely nothing to do with 'macro-evolution' - it is not the same thing, not even close. Here are just some of my conclusions:
1. Despite what some will tell you, the age of this earth really does continue to be an entirely open question. It is still perfectly reasonable and feasible to say that this earth might be no older than 6,000 to 10,000 years old! All of the data which evolutionists come up with to "prove" that this world is billions of years old, is perfectly capable of being interpreted differently. Many Christians, it seems to me, have jumped to such things as 'The Gap Theory', 'The Day-Age Theory' and 'Theistic Evolution' (all of which are attempts to reconcile the Bible with evolution), rather too easily. In saying this, I am taking all of the available data into account. Many say that the distance of the stars from the earth alone shows that this earth is countless millions of years old, but that is just not so. When God created this world, He obviously created it in an apparently mature state, already fully fashioned (Adam and Eve themselves were mature adults having never experienced childhood). As the late great Dr Wilder-Smith used to point out, the fact that time varies across our universe and in one part of it it does not even exist at all (black holes!), is a good reason to say that those who would attempt to date our universe to "billions of years old" are, frankly, idiotic - the universe is not 'dateable' by any one time-standard; if anybody suggests to you that they can date it, they are dishonorably concluding that you are ignorant and so you probably will not challenge them! After many years of research and deep reflection, this outstanding scientist and lecturer came to believe that the 6 days of creation are literal (as I also believe).
Charles Lyell (1797-1875)
Lyell, a Scottish lawyer, geologist, and populariser of uniformitarianism, was
born in Kinnordy, Angus, the eldest of ten children. Lyell's father, also named Charles, was a lawyer and botanist of minor repute and first exposed the younger Charles to the study of nature. Charles spent much of his childhood at the family's other home, Bartley Lodge in the New Forest, England, where his interest in the natural world was sparked.
2. The 'Geologic Column' which appears so brazenly in so many school textbooks, is a sheer invention in that it does not truly occur in quite such a manner anywhere in the world. The consecutive layers might be said to be approximately correct but the usual dating applied to them is pure guess work. When pressed, most evolutionists will admit this. Even worse, they tell us that they date fossils by where they appear in this column. So they unashamedly employ 'circular reasoning' (which defies the laws of logic) by saying:
(a) Fossils are dated by their position in the Geologic Column.
(b) The Geologic Column is dated by the fossils within!
This, of course, is completely nonsensical and, I am told, American guidelines for school and college science/geology teachers even contain hints on how to handle the brighter students who challenge it.
In many places in the world the expected consecutive strata layers suddenly go awry with whole sections missing! This fits in much better with the strata being layed down over a shorter period of time due to the effects of catastrophe, than with a 'millions of years' uniformitarianist scenario. Go here for a revised 'geologic column' timescale.
3. It used to be thought that the formation of coal, oil and
petrification took millions of years, therefore "proving"
that our earth is millions or billions of years old. Almost
nobody now believes this since it has been shown that - under the
right conditions (mainly water saturation and/or rapid burial - a
worldwide flood!?) - these things can start to form and occur in
just a matter of weeks, and quite comfortably in just a few short
years! I am much indebted here to the work of such people as
Robert Gentry. Some videos of Robert's research can be found Here.
Coal is generally believed to have formed about 300 million years ago, according to evolutionary dating. However, Erich von Fange Ph.D. has documented several interesting human artifacts found in coal. These include:
1. a small steel cube
2. an iron pot
3. an iron instrument
4. a nail
5. a bell shaped metal vessel
6. a bell
7. a jawbone of a child
8. a human skull
9. two human molars
10. a fossilized human leg
For more on the work of Erich von Fange Ph.D., Go Here.
4. Carbon 14 dating has huge dating problems which the average
member of the public, or the average school science teacher never
even begins to appreciate or understand. It is not like just
looking at a watch to see the time! The results always have to be
'interpreted' with a suggested date fed in! And yet the
public, and school and college students, are sometimes presented
with a picture that Carbon Dating is the very final word on
dating! Indeed, I am reliably informed that the residues of the
Mount Saint Helens volcanic eruption (which occurred in the
1980's) can quite easily be carbon dated to being millions of
years old!! Bob Darby, in a series of videos, clearly shows the
inherent problems within this dating system.
Go here to see the videos.
5. Charles Darwin undoubtedly hoped that within a few years of his death fossil discoveries would provide solid evidence of evolution. Of course, this has never happened. Most evolutionists are entirely open about this and will freely admit that there are no 'missing links' although there have been several famous missing link hoaxes! (indeed, alarmingly, some things now proven to be hoaxes continue to surface and to be presented as fact in school biology textbooks and even on BBC natural history programmes). One evolutionist, Niles Eldridge, in a moment of utter candour, wrote, "Evolution cannot forever be going on somewhere else. Yet that's how the fossil record has struck many a forlorn paleontologist looking to learn something about evolution" (Quoted by Philip Johnson, p60-61, Defeating Darwinism by Opening Minds, Inter-Varsity Press, 1997). As is now quite well known, the fossil record shows the sudden appearance of new life forms with never any evidence of the sort of transitions which evolution would require. Again, most evolutionists do admit this, albeit usually somewhat reluctantly.
Creation scientists see a worldwide flood as having provided the ideal conditions for what we see in geology and the fossil record. I must admit that at one time I was not entirely convinced on this point but it really does seem to be the case that only a worldwide flood and the affects which followed it can explain some of the things we find (fossils on Mount Everest!? Petrified trees still in a standing position going straight through several layers of rock strata which supposedly took "millions of years" to form!?).
Two Amazing Quotes...
"The track record of Neo-Darwinism is parasitic on prior creationist breakthroughs over which Neo-Darwinists now claim sole ownership, and which creationists have yet to claim back as their own." (Steve Fuller, Professor of Sociology, Warwick University, UK, from his book, 'Descent Over Descent: Intelligent Design Challenge to Darwinism').
Of course, one objection to all this might be:
If all these things were buried suddenly in a great flood, and we find all these fossils as a result, where are the human fossils? Human fossils, of course, have been found but perhaps not as many as might be expected. Why?
(a) The population of the world was far, far lower at the time of the flood than today.
(b) People, being more intelligent than animals would not (in most cases) have been so quickly buried, but would have made greater efforts to continually find higher ground. This also means that - being exposed to the elements - their bodies would have been more likely to decompose, rather than be buried under many layers of sediment.
6. Micro-evolution (natural selection, variations within 'kinds') is true and we see it all around us. But no evidence that one 'kind' can change into another 'kind' has ever been found. There are dozens of different dogs, but they are all dogs! However domesticated the modern dog has become in the western world, I am quite sure that no dog is ever going to start developing human arms and a resultant ability to be able to put on the kettle to make a pot of tea!! Of course, some say (distinctly foolishly) that the similarity between a human elbow and an animal elbow "proves" that we are related; it proves nothing of the sort, but it could well point to animals and humans having the same designer. Of course, if evolution is true we are also related to oranges, bananas and cactus plants!! No, its a matter of changes only within kinds: same with snakes, spiders and everything else: they remain true to their kind. Evolutionists love to talk about these variations within kinds as "proof" of evolution when it is nothing of the sort and they know it - this lays evolutionists open to the charge of intellectual deception! This sort of dishonesty happens rather a lot at school biology/science level.
7. Macro-Evolution is actually not only illogical but does not
conform to the laws of science which can be tested and verified.
These include the Law of Biogenesis (life can only come from
life). Leading evolutionists are forced to accept the principle
of 'spontaneous generation,' although as scientists they
have never witnessed it! . A former Harvard University professor
and Nobel Prize winner in physiology acknowledged the
'The reasonable view [during the two centuries before Louis Pasteur] was to believe in spontaneous generation; the only alternative, to believe in a single, primary act of supernatural creation. There is no third position.' George Wald, “The Origin of Life,” Scientific American, Vol. 190, August 1954, p. 46. Wald then accepts the impossible odds of spontaneous generation rather than creation. 'One has only to contemplate the magnitude of this task to concede that the spontaneous generation of a living organism is impossible. Yet here we are—as a result, I believe, of spontaneous generation.' Ibid.
Then there is the Second Law of Thermodynamics which states that everything material tends to break down and deteriorate - rather than 'evolve' to a higher form. It is partially a universal law of decay; the ultimate cause of why everything ultimately falls apart and disintegrates over time. Material things are not eternal. Everything appears to change eventually, and chaos increases. Nothing stays as fresh as the day one buys it; clothing becomes faded, threadbare, and ultimately returns to dust. This flys in the face of evolutionary theory. I once read a very long and very tedious "explanation" of how this law actually 'supports evolution' but the explanation only showed that the writer was quite prepared to live in a 'never never land' of suggestion, suspended reality, speculation and pipe dreams, something of the order of, 'We know that 2+2=4, but maybe occasionally 2+2=13 in some way we don't understand.' This "intellectual" article seemed to be saying, 'I am quite prepared to say that 2+2=13 if it will mean that evolution is true.'
Is it any wonder that even 150 years after Darwin's 'Origin of Species,' a majority of the north American public (away from the centres of academic 'intelligentsia'), do not accept macro-evolution?
A New Theory: What is "Punctuated Equilibrium"?
'Punctuated Equilibrium' is a new theory in evolutionary biology which states that most sexually reproducing species experience little change for most of their geological history, and that when phenotypic evolution does occur, it is localized in rare, rapid events of branching speciation (called cladogenesis).
Punctuated equilibrium is commonly contrasted against the theory of phyletic gradualism, which states that evolution generally occurs uniformly and by the steady and gradual transformation of whole lineages (anagenesis). In this older view, evolution is seen as generally smooth and continuous.
In 1972 paleontologists Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould published a landmark paper developing this idea. What was the motivation? Because it was beginning to be realised that gradualism of change cannot be supported by evolutionists for much longer because there is absolutely no fossil evidence for it; the public have already been duped and fooled for far too long on this subject. The diehard evolutionist sees the new theory as a way to conveniently explain the total lack of fossil evidence for gradualistic evolution.
From earlier theories, this new one is, of course, a huge compromise but rabid evolutionists undoubtedly see it as better than acknowledging a Creator God. Unfortunately, it is a very poor theory for if change was so very rare, and never to be observed in the fossil evidence, how could it possibly have carried out the massive changes which macro-evolution insists upon?
8. 'Irreducible Complexity' heavily legislates against
evolution. The world of molecular biology has moved on since
Darwin's day. To Darwin the human cell was little more than a
tiny blob of gunk, today we know that the human cell is a
miniature factory of the most amazing complexity. Undoubtedly,
this would have astonished Darwin, indeed he might have revised
his teachings if he knew what we now understand. We must remind
ourselves that Darwin said, "If it could be demonstrated that
any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been
formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory
would absolutely break down." (Origin of Species, 6th ed.
(1988), p. 154) Commenting on the above quote, prominent
neo-Darwinist and atheist Richard Dawkins said, "I do not
believe that such a case will ever be found. If it is - it'll
have to be a really complex organ, and, as we'll see in later
chapters, you have to be sophisticated about what you mean by
'slight' - I shall cease to believe in Darwinism." (Blind
Watchmaker, 2nd ed, 1996, pg 91)
It is not surprising then that Michael Behe's work on Irreducible Complexity has sent evolutionists running for cover in order to find yet another explanation which sounds convincing.
Michael Behe asserts that the complicated biological structures in a cell exhibit the exact same irreducible complexity that we see in humanly-devised machinery; In other words, they are all-or-nothing - either everything is there and it works, or something is missing and it doesn't work. I drive a BMW 3.18 (rather elderly, like it's driver), I guarantee that if I went under the bonnet (hood) with a spanner, I would not need to remove much from the engine to prevent it working at all: it is an 'all or nothing' system - so is just one (simple?) human cell; everything needs to be present in the correct amounts/configurations. Such a system cannot be constructed in a gradual manner - it simply won't work until all the components are present, and Darwinism has no mechanism for adding all the components at once. Therefore this is a mountainous challenge to Darwinism. Others too have now joined Behe in this exciting new area of study and research and the future looks increasingly bleak for the devout evolutionist! Go Here to read 'Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference'
It irks me that here in the UK schools and colleges continue to teach evolution as though we were still in the 1950's, apparently completely ignorant of the huge new challenges to evolution which have emerged during the last 10-15 years!
9. Darwin himself was not a scientist as so many erroneously believe; he was a one-time preacher of the gospel who went astray. He went on HMS Beagle to the Galapagos Islands because there was no other job on offer. Being interested in nature studies, and with his meals provided, he decided to go.
When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle, he took with him a book written by Charles Lyell: 'Principles of Geology'. In the book, Lyell made the argument for gradualism (or uniformitarianism), the idea that present-day geological processes can explain the history of the earth. When Lyell introduced this concept in 1830, it was a controversial idea; many people relied on the story of the biblical flood to explain the earth's features. Lyell had a strong influence on Darwin, gradually turning him to reject biblical divine creation. Lyell, who was a contemporary of Darwin, initially rejected his admirer's 'Origin of Species' but eventually wholeheartedly embraced it. The two came to see themselves as new missionaries of a new naturalistic and God-rejecting age. But we have to remember that Darwin heavily plagiarised his theory from other writers, especially Alfred Wallace, and many believe that he seized upon a chance to acquire fame and security at least partially from the work of others.
Despite these facts about Darwin (which are easily researched), BBC Television, here in the UK, continue to perpetrate the myth that Darwin was a great scientist and benefactor which the world was just waiting for; they refuse to be clouded by the facts. Here is proof that - for some - Darwinism is a faith-based religion! Almost every BBC natural history programme worships at the altar of Darwin, and not inconspicuously at that; the producers of such programmes appear to be blithely unaware of the advances in biology during the last 15 years and how these advances are bringing many aspects of evolutionary faith into serious question. If anybody doubts that the BBC's approach to Darwin is amazingly out of date, just take a look at this BBC web page which presents Darwin in a manner which is 40 years out of date - be prepared to be shocked by the tone of religious reverence!
Michael Denton has written, 'The influence of
evolutionary theory on fields far removed from biology is one of
the most spectacular examples in history of how a highly
speculative idea for which there is really no hard scientific
evidence can come to fashion the thinking of a whole society and
dominate the outlook of any age...'(Denton, 'Evolution: a
Theory in Crisis', p358).
Denton's words are very true! Evolution is assumed everywhere, from the most harmless looking television nature programme, to the 'off the cuff' comments of many of us. Countless millions of school science and biology textbooks are steeped in what is effectively a lie.
I could have taken this essay much further but wanted to keep it within manageable borders. Certainly I could have said much about the so-called 'vestigial organs' which are supposed to be support for evolution, I could have got into DNA and the subject of so-called 'useless DNA' which evolutionists are talking about. Truthfully the understanding of DNA was a huge blow for evolutionists, but like the perennial hoodlum trapped in a corner, a few are desperately attempting to twist and wriggle to gain some advantage, but it will ultimately be to no avail.
The great anti-God names of the 19th and 20th centuries have now almost all fallen: Nietzsche, Marx, Hitler, Freud, Stalin, Mao Tse Tung and others and we believe that Darwin must surely be next (by the way, evolution provided an atheistic foundation and worldview for many of the former to thrive). Evolution is now just a hollow shell of a theory, but those who reject the authority of God will continue to cling to it until the bitter end since when it has eventually finally crumbled into oblivion, all that will be left will be the acknowledgement and worship of Almighty God; a bitter pill, indeed for Mankind.
'The hold of the evolutionary paradigm is so powerful that an idea which is more like a principle of medieval astrology than a serious twentieth century scientific theory has become a reality for evolutionary biologists.' (Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis ,1985, p. 306) By the way, Michael Denton is an Australian molecular biologist.
Robin A. Brace
(Copyright Robin A Brace. 2004.)
You should also read the factual and hard-hitting article, CHARLES DARWIN: IT'S TIME FOR THE TRUTH TO BE TOLD
(CAUTION: A word about my use of bibliographies: A bibliography is not a list of recommended books but a list of consulted books on this subject, often good and bad. For example, even Darwin's Origin of Species is listed here as are two of the books of atheist Richard Dawkins because I have consulted the arguments and conclusions of such books. I have read some of the books on the list right through, whilst with others I have only taken into account the book's main thrusts, propositions and conclusions).
Alpha Nova: Carbon Dating Fact and Fiction. Online studies here: http://worldbydesign.org/alphanova/programs/c14dating.html.
Andrews, E. H. Is Evolution Scientific? Welwyn, Hertfordshire, England: Evangelical Press, 1977.
Bakker, Robert T. The Dinosaur Heresies. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1986.
Behe, Michael. Darwin's Black Box. New York: The Free Press, 1996.
Bird, W.R. The Origin of Species Revisited Volume I. 4th ed. Nashville, TN: Regency, 1991.
Blanchard, John. Does God Believe in Atheists? Darlington: Evangelical Press, 2000.
Cohen, I. L. Darwin Was Wrong - A Study in Probabilities. Greenvale, NY: New Research Publications, 1984.
Cooper, Bill. After the Flood. Online book here: http://www.ldolphin.org/cooper/contents.html.
Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species. London: John Murray, 6th ed. 1872, reprinted 1902.
Dawkins, Richard. The Blind Watchmaker. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1987.
Dawkins, Richard. The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford Univesity Press, 1990.
Denton, Michael. Evolution: A Theory in Crisis. Bethesda, MD: Adler & Adler, 1986.
Fange Ph.D, Dr Erich von. Time Upside Down Online essay here: http://www.rae.org/ch01tud.html.
Flew, Antony. A Dictionary of Philosophy. 2nd ed. New York: Gramercy Books, 1999.
Gentry, Dr Robert. From his video presentation found here:http://www.nwcreation.net/videos.html.
Gish, Duane T. Evolution: The Fossils Still Say No! Master Books, 1995.
Gould, Stephen Jay. Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History Norton Books, 1992.
Hanegraaff, Hank. The Face That Demonstrates the Farce of Evolution. Nashville: Word Publishing, 1998.
Huse, Scott, M. The Collapse of Evolution. Chick Publications. (Print date uncertain).
Moreland, J.P., ed., The Creation Hypothesis. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1994.
Johnson, Phillip. Objections Sustained. Subversive Essays on Evolution, Law and Culture. Downers Grove Ill: Inter-Varsity Press, 1998.
Johnson, Phillip. Testing Darwinism. Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1997.
McGrath, Alister. The Twilight of Atheism: The Rise and Fall of Disbelief in the Modern World. Doubleday, 2004.
Sagan, Carl. The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. Ballantine Books, 1986.
Sunderland, Luther. Darwin's Enigma. Santee, CA: Master Books, 1984.
Woodling, Richard Swancy. God the Universe and Darwin: The Jury Speaks. Online essay here: http://ukapologetics.net/1NEWCREATION.html (2005).
TRUTH ABOUT EVOLUTION