A Question I Was Asked:

Can You Briefly Explain Four Scriptures?

Can you briefly explain four Scriptures? These are Genesis 17:5, Exodus 19:5-6, Deuteronomy 32:21 and 2 Samuel 22:50. I have been given one explanation for them but I think I don't like it; I knew I also had to check out these verses out with you.

Thank you.

UK Apologetics Reply:

Okay, I will look at these. I'm afraid that with me you will hopefully get the best explanation one can arrive at, like it or not, but I trust that you will like it. In some cases I have taken in a few more verses in order to get a fuller context:

1. Genesis 17:1-7:

1. When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, "I am God Almighty; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. 2. Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers." 3. Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, 4. "As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. 6. I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7. I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. (Genesis 17:1-7).

Fulfilled: Romans 4: 13-20.

13. It was not through the law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. 14. For if those who depend on the law are heirs, faith means nothing and the promise is worthless, 15. because the law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression. 16. Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham's offspring - not only to those who are of the law but also to those who have the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all. 17. As it is written: "I have made you a father of many nations." He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed - the God who gives life to the dead and calls into being things that were not. 18. Against all hope, Abraham in hope believed and so became the father of many nations, just as it had been said to him, "So shall your offspring be." 19. Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead - since he was about a hundred years old - and that Sarah's womb was also dead. 20. Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God,


Paul is saying that the 'father of many nations' is fulfilled in the Church since believers are called from all nations. The point about this is that "all nations" is not confined to the physical descendants of Isaac and Jacob. He is also stating that the law now has no part to play in the calling of believers; so our calling now is based on faith and election not on nationality; law having a much smaller part to play. For Old Covenant Israel, the code of the law was their entire guide for life. The name 'Abraham' is believed to have the meaning, 'father of many.' One should bear in mind that Paul was addressing the congregation at Rome and applying these principles to them, therefore any notion that the "many nations" only had reference to the 12 tribes of Israel is easily defeated.

Paul the Apostle also wrote the following; please read this carefully:

28. There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29. If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. (Galatians 3:28-29).

2. Exodus 19:5-6:

5. Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, 6. you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."

Fulfilled: 1 Peter 2: 5-10.

5. you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6. For in Scripture it says: "See, I lay a stone in Zion, a chosen and precious cornerstone, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame. 7. Now to you who believe, this stone is precious. But to those who do not believe, "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone," 8. and, "A stone that causes people to stumble and a rock that makes them fall." They stumble because they disobey the message - which is also what they were destined for. 9. But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. 10. Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.


"You will be my treasured possession" was only typified by Old Covenant Israel, the real fulfillment is in the Church. So please note carefully how the 'treasured possession,' 'kingdom of priests' and 'holy nation' of Exodus 19:5-6 is clearly fulfilled in the Church of Jesus Christ as is clear from 1 Peter 2.

3. Deuteronomy 32:20-21:

20. "I will hide my face from them," he said, "and see what their end will be; for they are a perverse generation, children who are unfaithful. 21. They made me jealous by what is no god and angered me with their worthless idols. I will make them envious by those who are not a people; I will make them angry by a nation that has no understanding.

Fulfilled: Romans 10:17-21.

17. Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word about Christ. 18. But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did: "Their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world." 19. Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says, "I will make you envious by those who are not a nation; I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding." 20. And Isaiah boldly says, "I was found by those who did not seek me; I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me." 21. But concerning Israel he says, "All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people."


Very obviously Old Testament Isael is condemned in Deuteronomy 32, Paul the Apostle very clearly refers to this in Romans 10. When Moses had written, "I will make you envious by those who are not a nation; I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding," he was plainly referring to the Gentiles who would come into the Church replacing those who had received the original calling. Luke also refers to this:

21. "The servant came back and reported this to his master. Then the owner of the house became angry and ordered his servant, 'Go out quickly into the streets and alleys of the town and bring in the poor, the crippled, the blind and the lame.' 22. "'Sir,’ the servant said, 'what you ordered has been done, but there is still room.' 23. "Then the master told his servant, 'Go out to the roads and country lanes and compel them to come in, so that my house will be full. 24. I tell you, not one of those who were invited will get a taste of my banquet.'" (Luke 14:21-23).

The people of physical Israel were the originally invited ones but they rejected their Maker so become replaced by the new Israel of the Church (Romans 2: 2-29). How much clearer could this be? Look at this:

25. As he says in Hosea: "I will call them 'my people' who are not my people; and I will call her 'my loved one' who is not my loved one," 26. and, "In the very place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' there they will be called 'children of the living God.'" (Romans 9: 25-26).

4. 2 Samuel 22:50:

Therefore I will praise you, Lord, among the nations; I will sing the praises of your name.

Fulfilled: Romans 15:9.

and, moreover, that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written: "Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles; I will sing the praises of your name."


Referring to the calling of Gentiles into the Church.


In one way or another these verses are saying that God would call a large number of Gentiles into His Church who would replace those of Israelitish stiock who had turned their backs on the true God. But are such verses saying that those of Israelitish stock (usually called 'Jews' today) cannot be saved? Absolutely not, but their only entrance into salvation is through Jesus Christ giving them no advantage over Gentiles.

Robin A. Brace. November 3rd, 2017.