A Question I Was Asked:

What Are the Correct Names for the Father and the Son?

The Questions:

Since you are familiar with Greek and Hebrew, can you please tell me what the correct name of our heavenly Father and His Son is? In Exodus 3:14 The Almighty revealed His personal name to Moses, rendered in English as 'I Am.' Then in Exodus 6:2 He expands upon His name and says, "I Am Jehovah"(Yehovah).

In what language did Moses receive beloved Abba's name? Proverbs 30:4(e) says, "What is His name, and what is His Son's name, if you know?" There are many scriptures - especially in the Psalms that extol us to praise His name. The 'Our Father' declares that His name is to be hallowed.

I believe that Hallelujah/HALLELU(YAH) means Praise YAH, so would YAH be His (Hebrew) name? I've been told that Jesus/Iesous = Hail Zeus (the sun god). In English we always refer to our Heavenly Father as God, Almighty, Lord, etc, - but never His name?

In closing, what is the correct name of our heavenly Father, and His Son in Hebrew, and then the correct rendition in English; and how we arrive at the English translation? I apologise that this is a fairly long question, but I have tried to keep it as short as possible. KEEP UP YOUR STERLING ENDEAVOURS! Finish the race set-out before you, brother.

UK Apologetics Reply:

To be frank, one can get too extreme on this 'names of God' thing. The closest we can get is something like 'Yahweh' (probably not 'Jehovah,' although that is not entirely impossible). But to use names like 'Lord God Almighty,' 'the Eternal God,' and so forth, are perfectly fine as English renditions of what we want to be saying.

In what language did Moses receive God's Name? The Old Testament is written in Hebrew (with just a very few sections in Aramaic), and that is inspired Scripture, of course. The five books of Moses are purely in Hebrew, but did Moses first hear that name in Hebrew? Nobody can say but it is the Hebrew which has gone into the inspired Bible canon so, again, we must accept this and this brings us down to something like 'Yahweh.' English language Old Testaments usually translate this word as 'LORD.' This is known as the Tetragrammaton (the Greek word for four letters). Actually, only the letters 'YHWH' are in the text which are consonants, since no vowels were ever written by the Hebrews, they (the vowels) were expected to be supplied by the speaker.

Religiously observant Jews are forbidden to say or write the Tetragrammaton in full, so when reading the Torah they use the word Adonai [Lord], and although most Christians have no problem in vocalizing the Tetragrammaton, in most Christian translations of the Bible, "LORD" is indeed used in place of the Tetragrammaton, following the Hebrew 'Adonai.'

The closest we can get in meaning is something like the 'I AM' (meaning something like 'the eternally existing One'). When the Lord spoke to Moses at the burning bush, and when he asked God what His name was. God had answered that His name was "I AM" (Exodus 3:14), that is, by implication, He is the God who is eternally self-existent, transcendent to time as well as to space and matter. The Gospel of John expands on this a little:

  1. "I am the bread of life" (John 6:35,48,51).
  2. "I am the light of the world" (John 8:12).
  3. "I am the door of the sheep"(John 10:7,9).
  4. "I am the good shepherd" (John 10:11,14).
  5. "I am the resurrection, and the life" (John 11:25).
  6. "I am the way, the truth, and the life" (John 14:6).
  7. "I am the true vine" (John 15:1,5).

So we need to understand that Jesus accepts the YHWH as applying to Himself. Without question Jesus, the Second Person of the Godhead, was also the Lord who worked with the Israelites in the Old Testament.

"You are not yet fifty years old," they said to him, "and you have seen Abraham!" "Very truly I tell you," Jesus answered, "before Abraham was born, I am!" (John 8:57-58).

There are many proofs of this including:

In Isaiah 44:6, Yahweh refers to himself as "the First and the Last." In Revelation 1:8 and 17, Jesus similarly refers to himself as "the Alpha and the Omega" and "the First and the Last." In Zechariah 12:10 the LORD (Yahweh) is speaking and says that, "they will look on Me whom they have pierced." This is obviously Jesus speaking (Psalm 22:16; John 19:34). This passage from Zechariah appears again in Revelation 1:7b and is clearly about Jesus Christ.

Okay, I have digressed a little bit but the main point here is that we don't need to get too extreme or legalistic about the names of God. The names we normally use in English are fine.

Robin A. Brace. December 1st, 2013.