The SEVEN Parallel Sections of the Book of Revelation

A Concise Explanation of the Seven Parallel Sections Which Lie Within the Book of Revelation.
Failure to perceive these sections means that one will not understand this vital book, however, our explanation will not err into a 'blow by blow' or verse by verse "historical account" of a book with a grander and broader spiritual purpose.

I was originally taught a highly literalist approach to the book of Revelation.
Looking back now I can't help asking myself, 'How could I ever believe that such a book which is so rife with symbols of so many different kinds could ever be read in a literalist manner?'

"The current Babylonian system is why people are currently blinded to spiritual truth and worship money, commerce and various satanic ideologies: Darwinism, Marxism, Pantheism (modern 'environmentalism' is clearly pantheistic), and all the false religions. Babylon says that people can freely be wealthy and prosperous at the expense of others and that these people can have a religion of their choice to appease their souls; Babylon has masked the truth about God and given people a religion of their minds; Babylon truly offers a self-earned justification, bedecked in deceptive luxury, moreover, it may even be observed in modern evangelicalism."

Of course, even in such a setting, the literalism was, in truth, distinctly selective. Who, after all, would claim literalism for a 'beast with seven heads and ten horns'??

No, truth is that when people set out to impose extra-biblical concepts upon the Bible they will have to 'pick and match' just how they do it - they have to. All the sub-Christian cults and sects stand convicted here, and they just go on doing it, never seeming to learn. In the past, I have used the term 'adventistic cults and sects' here because these groups really do stand under one theological umbrella: you have the Jehovah's Witnesses, the Armstrongists (probably by now at least a hundred groups, all arguing with each other), you have the Seventh Day Adventists (who have - all on their own - spawned some of the most zany and extreme leaders, including David Korresh, and this guy called 'David,' currently out in the New Mexico desert who has set several dates for the Second Coming during 2007, all of which, of course, have failed), also the Christadelphians who use the same overall approach and are probably a more moderate example. Then, at the fairly extreme end of the larger of these groups stand the Mormons, or, if you prefer, the 'Church of Latter-day Saints.' Very different in some ways, yet still remaining very typical of an Adventistic Cult/Sect, with an extreme founder of highly questionable background and influences, who chooses to go to war against established Christian theology, with a high focus on prophecy and individual revelation given to a "God-anointed" leader, who demands utter obedience.

These leaders usually set themselves up as Bible prophecy guros despite usually having a lamentable level of Bible knowledge overall but with a rich appetite for abusing Bible prophecy. They usually base about 90% of their approach on the apocalyptic books of Daniel and Revelation because those books are written in such a manner and style which makes them relatively easy to twist, pervert and to abuse before the eyes of the naive and impressionable.

In my own case, back in those days, I increasingly developed a problem with the old Armstrongist view of the book of Revelation. For one thing, literalism was insisted upon in certain places (The Two Witnesses, for instance, the plagues, all references to the Second Coming), even when it was conceded that other parts of the book were purely symbolic; but it eventually dawned on me that many of the bits which Herbert W. Armstrong considered literal could also be interpreted symbolically, moreover, that would also allow the whole book to stand together better. I noted that, just reading through the text as one might read through a history of progressive events (Armstrongism insisted it should be read in such a way), the book genuinely did not 'hang together' - for one thing, Christ seemed to return, then the text would go on to something else, then Christ would return again and so on; reading the book progressively seemed to offer several 'returns' of Christ! This finally made me utterly convinced that Armstrongism simply did not understand this great book so I decided to put it aside for a number of years until my understanding deepened right across Scripture, and this is what I did. Oh, by the way, during my Armstrongist period I also noted that most WCG ministers were utterly baffled by Armstrong's approach to that book, but they tried their best not to 'let on' or 'to give the game away,' yet one of the things they most feared was a question coming up on Revelation (something I was told on good authority by a high-ranking minister, who also privately agreed with me that Armstrong never understood the book).

A Few Other Comments About Revelation Before We Proceed...

1. I am not here attempting to write a complete commentary on this great, though somewhat mysterious, book. I still recommend Hendriksen's 'More Than Conquerors' as probably the best book for that purpose. What I am doing is laying out the basic framework which the writer of Revelation used (seven parallel sections), to record the revelation of Jesus. There is nothing new about this, it has been noted before on many occasions.

2. It is not necessary to understand Revelation in order to be a Christian! We have the Gospels: four separate accounts of the life and mission of Jesus of Nazareth. We also have the New Testament epistles which highlight the outworking of the theology of what Jesus said and did: What He meant, and what it means for us today. Revelation has a somewhat narrower purpose: it was written to warn the early Christians that Christ would not return within a short space of time but that God was working out a grand plan in human history. In the meantime, Christians should expect difficulties and persecution but this would in no way affect their present joy, and certainly not their eternal reward. We should note how the very first verse of this book clearly outlines the book's purpose:

'The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place...' (Revelation 1:1a).

So for Christians who have already received and embraced the Gospel of Jesus Christ, God is giving certain additional information regarding the future. This is not given in a totally clear fashion because of the need to avoid the attention of persecuting governing authorities, so the format of 'apocalyptic' (which God had already made popular) is purposely employed. However, the revelation is clear enough for the first century Christians (and all Christians) to understand.

3. Revelation paints spiritual colours in broad strokes of the brush; attempts to set precise dates for particular verses, or parts of verses, usually shows a lack of understanding of the book's original purpose and too much influence from Adventism. Certainly there is nothing wrong with conjecture (for example, a consideration of where one might currently stand among the seven trumpets), but any attempt to then impose one's ideas upon others is a mistake, indeed, a mistake which too many have already made.

In each case, the parallel sections consider the time period from the First to the Second Comings of Christ; only the perspective differs. (Revelation 1:1 clearly confirms this First Coming-Second Coming time scale of all that appears within the book). The parallels are somewhat spiritually progressive, with the seventh and final section even venturing into The New Heavens and the New Earth. A quick and easy way to see the seven parallels is the fact that the Second Coming of our Lord appears to occur seven times in this book, something thousands have wondered about. This is because there are seven parallel sections, covering events from John's day to the parousia.

SECTION ONE. Christ in the Midst of the Lamps (Rev. 1:1-3:22): THE AGE OF THE CHURCH.
The lampstands represent the 7 churches; these are typical of all churches throughout this church age. As in all of these sections, the narrative brings us to Christ's return (3:20-22).

SECTION TWO. The Vision of Heaven and the Seals (Rev.4:1-7:17): THE CHURCH WILL BE TRIUMPHANT.
This is a picture of the entire Church triumphant and includes the first mention of the 144,000. Once again, the section closes in chapter seven with the return of Christ, but since the theme here is the Church triumphant, the focus is almost entirely on the saved.

This section describes the affects of the Seven Trumpets on both those who reject God and upon the saved. Dark and fearful things affect the world in chapters eight and nine, whilst chapters ten and eleven focus on the Church. Once again (as in all of the other sections), the narrative brings us to Christ's return at the seventh trumpet (11:15). The message is clear: terrible things will come upon a God-rejecting world but God's own people will rejoice!

SECTION FOUR. The Persecuting Dragon (Rev. 12:1-14:20): THE CHURCH MUST EXPECT PERSECUTION.
The woman and the Man-child are persecuted by the dragon and his helpers. The section starts with a clear reference to the birth of our Saviour (12:5), the dragon threatens to devour the Man-child (Christ), but He is caught up to heaven, so the dragon now persecutes the 'woman' (the Church) through the agencies of the 'beast' and the 'harlot.' This is why Christians must expect persecution. Yet again the section closes with the Second Coming and with impending judgment (14:14-20).

SECTION FIVE. The Seven Bowls (Rev. 15:1-16:21): FINAL JUDGMENT.
These seven sections progressively reveal a little more and now the entire focus is on the final judgment of this world, and Armageddon is mentioned (16:16). Indications are strong (as we will learn later in this article) that the seven bowls and seven trumpets refer to exactly the same events but from somewhat differing perspectives; Christ returns at the seventh bowl and seventh trumpet.

The current Babylonian system is why people are currently blinded to spiritual truth and worship money, commerce and various satanic ideologies: Darwinism, Marxism, Pantheism (modern 'environmentalism' is clearly pantheistic), and all the false religions. Babylon said (and currently still says) that people can freely be wealthy and prosperous at the expense of others and that these people can have a religion of their choice to appease their souls; Babylon masked the truth about God and gave people a religion of their minds; Babylon truly offered a self-earned justification, bedecked in deceptive luxury, moreover, it may even be observed in modern evangelicalism. This section shows when Babylon will finally be destroyed for her evil works of deception. We again find the return of Christ occurring (19:11), these regular returns of Christ confirm that these are parallel sections, not consecutive occurrences!

The final section which reveals such great spiritual truth begins by going back to the start of the Church age to show how Satan has been restricted during this age. We even see the saints in heaven awaiting the resurrection (20:4-5), then we learn more about a final great military battle and the final destruction of the beast, false prophet and Satan himself (20:7-11), next we are presented with an amazing glimpse of the Great White Throne of Judgment when everybody who has ever lived must stand before God! (20:11-15). Yet it does not even finish there: God has even allowed us a symbolic glimpse into the New Jerusalem and the New Heavens and New Earth (chapters 21-22).


1. The similarites between Revelation 12 and 20 are very striking and the feeling is strong that the approximate same time period is being covered but from differing perspectives, with a focus on differing events during the period; the former focusing on the persecution which believers must expect, the latter focusing on how God's eternal kingdom will never be thwarted but will finally be established upon earth (as it currently is in heaven).

2. According to the third period, the period which is being described is one of forty-two months (11:2), or twelve hundred and sixty days (11:3), but we also find this same time period in the fourth parallel section (chapters 12-14), where it is 'twelve hundred and sixty days' (12:6), or, 'a time, and times and half a time' (12:14) - of course, as all serious Bible students will know, these are periods of exactly the same length. This very strongly suggests that the period of the trumpets being blown (section three), is parallel with section four, in which Christ battles the dragon. So up to this point we have strong indications of parallels between Section Three (the Seven Trumpets), Section Four (Christ battles the dragon), and the final Section Seven (the Great consummation).

3. But there is still more: Section Three (the seven trumpets) shows very strong indications of being parallel with Section Five (the bowls of wrath). How so? Because the first trumpet (8:7) affects the earth, so does the first bowl (16:2), the second trumpet affects the sea, so does the second bowl, the third trumpet refers to the rivers, so does the third bowl, the fourth trumpet refers to the sun, so does the fourth bowl, in both cases the fifth refers to the pit of the abyss, the sixth to the Euphrates and the seventh to the Second Coming! Therefore indications are indeed strong - if not pretty much overwhelming - that the seven trumpets and seven bowls refer to exactly the same events but with different emphases and viewpoints. This again obviously tends to substantiate that these are indeed seven parallel sections.

4. The final defeat of the dragon, the beast out of the sea, the beast out of the earth, and the great harlot are effectively described in two different sections (six and seven), therefore those sections must surely be parallel.

5. The bowls of wrath section (5), ends with a great battle, 'the battle of the great day of God Almighty' (16:14), the next section (6), also ends with a great battle (19:19), finally, in Section Seven, one may read, 'to gather them together to battle' (20:8), therefore it would seem reasonable to conclude that those sections are indeed at least roughly parallel and certainly sometimes actually describe the same events.


I have tried to anticipate some questions which might be asked about the above, but it is extremely difficult to do so since - without question - the above teaching is so radically different to the dispensationalism which is so popular and so widely-assumed, especially in the United States. Nevertheless, here are just a few possible questions:

QUESTION ONE: How can we know that Revelation covers the time period between the First and Second Comings?
Because John pretty much says so in Revelation 1:1a.

QUESTION TWO: Who are "the synagogue of Satan"? (Revelation 2:9;3:9)

John means exactly what he says! It is often forgotten today that the first major persecuting group which affected the first Christians were the Jews! Paul and Barnabas had an especially difficult time from them which one can read about the Book of Acts, as well as Galatians and Romans. When John writes of those who "say they are Jews but are not," he is clearly thinking of the teaching that Christians now become "spiritual Jews." The Bible teaches that only true Christians should now be reckoned as the children of Abraham:
Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. (Matthew 21:43).
28. A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29. No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person's praise is not from other people, but from God. (Romans 2:28-29).
For it is we who are the circumcision, we who serve God by his Spirit, who boast in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh. (Philippians 3:3).
Understand, then, that those who have faith are children of Abraham. (Galatians 3:7).
If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. (Galatians 3:29).
But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. (1 Peter 2:9-10).
So all the promises of Abraham are fulfilled in Christians, Christianity and the Church. The Israelitish peoples of the Old Testament (commonly called Jews today) now have no further inheritance unless and until they accept Christ; they now stand outside of the covenantal promises. Some will not like me stating this but I must be true to Scripture, my earnest desire for them is that they should repent and accept Christ.

QUESTION THREE: Does this view render Bible prophecy as useless?

Not at all, but this view does protect against all the extremes of dispensational and adventist teaching, with their tendencies to put all their 'prophetic bread' into one basket, or into specific baskets. Now it is the Second Coming and the Resurrection of the Dead which become our full focus (in common with New Testament teaching), we don't need to become distracted by all these additional prophecies which are the favourites of all these prophecy guros, many of them already fulfilled. Ardent pre-millennialist Herbert W. Armstrong, for example, had a list of specific happenings which (he claimed) "must happen before Christ returns" but these were mostly based on misunderstandings of Scripture.


One of the great advantages of coming to comprehend the seven parallel sections of the book of Revelation is that this tends to take away the ground from the prophecy extremists; many people abuse Bible prophecy, and especially the apocalyptic writings, by imposing extra-biblical concepts upon them. The view you have just read is based on solid biblical interpretation and a wider appreciation of this approach would make it harder for the extremist 'prophecy guros' to get an audience.
The view which we have just outlined is nothing new, it was understood and accepted by such evangelical luminaries as Warfield, Berkhof, Martyn Lloyd-Jones and several others but it was William Hendriksen who greatly popularized it through his regularly reprinted classic, 'More Than Conquerors.' This view refuses to divorce Scripture from a solid biblical foundation recognising Revelation's links to the Old Testament. Much later (19th century) certain cult and sect founders went to war against solid biblical exegesis and shamelessly used Daniel and Revelation in particular, to introduce all manner of extra-biblical concepts; we must lamentably note that J.N. Darby did pretty much the same thing through his 'dispensationalism.'

We must always note that discerning these seven parallel sections obviously does not answer every single question which may come up on this intriguing book, neither would we pretend that it does, but it does give us a framework which hangs together pretty much consistently and which places us closer to the world of the apostle John who - under divine inspiration - actually penned this book. For any with further questions, I would unhesitatingly recommend William Hendriksen's 'More Than Conquerors' (your local Christian book shop should be able to order it for you).
Robin A. Brace, 2008.

(I willingly acknowledge that William Hendriksen's great book, 'More Than Conquerors' has been very helpful to me in writing this article)
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